Fire suppression chemicals

Fire suppression chemicals are chemicals used to suppress fire. They are stored in a extinguisher bottles (Like the fire extinguisher bottle) and are used to extinguish fire.

Here are some fire suppression chemical:

  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2): Carbon Dioxide is a time proven clean agent. Non conductive CO2 is particularly effective in confined areas, where there is a risk from flammable liquids, being non-toxic and leaving no residue CO2 will not harm food, fabrics, machinery or electrical equipment.
  • ABC Dry Chemical: It is a pale yellow powder that is able to put out all three classes of fire; Class A for trash, wood and paper, Class B for liquids and gases, and Class C for energized electrical sources.
  • Purple K (BC Dry Chemical): Purple-K is one of the most effective dry chemicals against Class B fires. It is a potassium bicarbonate-based material containing chemical additives.
  • Novec 1230: NOVEC 1230 does not remove or reduce Oxygen! NOVEC 1230 is a synthetic/chemical fire suppression gas and extinguishes a fire by removing the free radicals or heat elements from the fire triangle. Fire protection fluid is a next generation clean agent Halon alternative. It combines outstanding extinguishing performance with an excellent environmental profile.
  • FM200: 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluoropropane, also called heptafluoropropane, HFC-227ea (ISO name), HFC-227 or FM200, as well as apaflurane (INN), is a colourless, odourless gaseous halocarbon commonly used as a gaseous fire suppression agent.

Each of the suppression chemicals works for different classes of fire, you need to understand the class of fire before you choose a suppression chemical.

For example, to select the most appropriate agent for a given application, you will need to know whether the hazard you need to protect is susceptible to Class A, B, C, or D fires (or some combination of these).


Further Reading

9 Simple steps to carry out fire extinguisher recharge

11 Things to check during fire extinguisher testing

Fire extinguisher service; how it is done

By Ubong Edet

A passionate Health and Safety professional with a good level of field experience and relevant certifications including NEBOSH, OSHA, ISO, etc certifications. An Health and Safety activist who believes in the growth and continual improvement of the profession. He is going all out to create awareness and safe precious lives.

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